- Advanced metering to reduce AT&C (Aggregate Technical and Commercial) losses that are currently at high levels.
- Automation to measure and control the flow of power to/from consumers on a near real-time basis and improve the system reliability.
- Moving to a smart grid to manage loads, congestion and shortfall in an intelligent manner.
The Indian electricity sector faces many problems in trying to meet the ever increasing demand-supply gap. Energy losses in India’s transmission and distribution sector exceed 30%, which is one of the highest in the world. India’s Ministry of Power estimates that about half of the electricity in the country is billed. The financial impact of technical and commercial losses has been estimated at 1.5% of GDP. Upgrading out-of-date transmission and distribution systems coupled with the need to reduce electricity losses and theft is driving the deployment of smart grid technologies in India. “Engaging active Demand Response and Demand-Side Management will form the key to successful implementation of smart grid in India,” said V S K Murthy Balijepalli, active Smart Grid researcher and author of the first international publication on Indian smart grids.
The electricity industry in India is expected to undergo a paradigm change, fuelled by legislative and regulatory activities. The real challenge in the power sector in India lies in managing the upgrading of the transmission, distribution and metering sector efficiently. In response to these challenges, the Ministry of Power has set up the India Smart Grid Forum as a public-private partnership, bringing in utilities, industry, and academia.
Government-led initiatives within the sector
Challenges and bottlenecks